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Using the hands, shoulders or arms to prevent an opponent's punch from 
landing cleanly on the head or torso.
Bout:
A match between two competitors that consists of four two-minute rounds, 
with a one-minute break between rounds.
Break:
A referee's command for boxers to break from a clinch. On the command each 
boxer takes a step back before continuing boxing.
Caution:
An admonition from the referee to a boxer. Generally not for serious 
infringements of the rules. After three cautions, a warning is issued.
Clinch:
When two boxers are holding, or leaning on each other, and not throwing 
punches.
Coach:
The person who trains and teaches the boxer. He also works in his boxer's 
corner, giving advice and motivation between rounds.
Combination:
Punches thrown in sequence, such as a left jab, followed by a straight 
right, followed by a left hook.
Covering:
Holding the hands high in front of the face to keep the opponent from 
landing a clean punch.
Counter-punch:
A counterattack, begun immediately after an opponent throws a punch. A 
"counter-puncher" typically waits for his opponent to throw punches, then 
blocks or slips past them and exploits the opening in his opponent's 
position.
Cup:
The equipment protecting a boxer's genitals, lower abdomen and lower back.
Down:
A boxer is considered "down" if he touches the floor with anything other 
than his feet or if they go outside the ropes from a blow. A boxer is also 
technically "down," even if he hasn't fallen, if he takes a serious blow or 
blows to the head and the referee steps in to stop the action.
Feint:
Faking a punch to induce the opponent to open up into a vulnerable position.
Footwork:
The way a boxer moves and plants his feet which enables him to be 
well-balanced for throwing punches and ready to switch easily between 
defensive and offensive boxing.
Foul:
An infringement of boxing rules, including: hitting below the belt; hitting 
with any part of the body other than the knuckles; leaning against the 
ropes; head-butting; not breaking on the referee's command; hitting the 
back of the opponent's neck, head, or torso; hitting an opponent who is 
down; throwing a punch while in a clinch; holding; holding and hitting; 
offensive language; assaulting or acting aggressively toward the referee; 
spitting out the mouthpiece; passive defence (not trying to avoid a punch 
by covering up); tripping; kicking.
Headgear:
Protective head covering used by amateur boxers that became mandatory for 
Olympic competition in 1984.
Hook:
A short power punch in which the boxer swings from the shoulder with his 
elbow bent, bringing his fist from the side toward the centre.
In-fighting:
Boxing at close range
Jab:
A quick, straight punch thrown with the lead hand. It can be used as a 
set-up for power punches, as a way to gauge distance, to keep an opponent 
wary, or as a defensive move to slow an advancing opponent.
Judge:
One of five officials who sit at ringside to score a bout.
Mouthpiece:
A piece of plastic used to protect a fighter's teeth and prevent him from 
biting his tongue.
Neutral Corner:
One of two corners that are not assigned to either boxer.
Referee:
The official who ensures the bout is clean and fair, and to make sure the 
boxers are physically able to box after taking a punch. The referee can end 
the bout if one boxer is hurt or over-matched.
Ringside Physician:
The doctor who checks the condition of competitors before the bout and 
determines whether a hurt boxer can continue. The physician has the power 
to stop a bout at any time.
RSC (Referee Stops Contest):
An official result that follows when a boxer is outclassed, has been hurt, 
or reached the standing-eight count limit. In the official results the 
winner's name is given followed by RSC and the round the bout was ended in, 
ie. Jim Smith, RSC (4).
RSCH (Referee Stops Contest Head):
A variation on RSC, which is the result when a referee ends a bout because 
a boxer has taken too many head blows.
Scoring blow:
A punch that lands cleanly on the opponent's head or torso and is struck 
with the knuckles, signified by the white stripe on the glove. If three 
judges agree within a one-second window that the blow was clean, the boxer 
gets a point.
Second:
A person aside from the coach who gives a boxer assistance or advice 
between rounds.
Standing-eight Count:
When a boxer is in trouble, or has been knocked down the referee stops the 
action and counts to eight. During this time the referee determines if the 
boxer can continue. If a boxer takes three standing-eights in a round or 
four in a bout, the contest is stopped and the opponent is declared the 
winner.
Uppercut:
A powerful, upward punch that comes up underneath an opponent's guard.
Warning:
Given by the referee to the boxer who commits a serious foul, or receives 
three cautions. When the referee signals a warning the ringside judges can 
decide whether to give a point to the opponent. Three warnings in a bout 
means disqualification.
Weaving:
A way of eluding punches by turning and twisting movements.

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<table border=0>
<tr><td width=624></td></tr>
<tr><td width=624>Using the hands, shoulders or arms to prevent an
opponent's punch from landing cleanly on the head or torso. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Bout:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A match between two competitors that consists of four
two-minute rounds, with a one-minute break between rounds. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Break:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A referee's command for boxers to break from a clinch.
On the command each boxer takes a step back before continuing boxing.
</td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Caution:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>An admonition from the referee to a boxer. Generally
not for serious infringements of the rules. After three cautions, a
warning is issued. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Clinch:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>When two boxers are holding, or leaning on each other,
and not throwing punches.</td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Coach:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>The person who trains and teaches the boxer. He also
works in his boxer's corner, giving advice and motivation between rounds.
</td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Combination:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>Punches thrown in sequence, such as a left jab,
followed by a straight right, followed by a left hook.</td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Covering:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>Holding the hands high in front of the face to keep the
opponent from landing a clean punch. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Counter-punch:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A counterattack, begun immediately after an opponent
throws a punch. A "counter-puncher" typically waits for his
opponent to throw punches, then blocks or slips past them and exploits
the opening in his opponent's position. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Cup:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>The equipment protecting a boxer's genitals, lower
abdomen and lower back. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Down:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A boxer is considered "down" if he touches
the floor with anything other than his feet or if they go outside the
ropes from a blow. A boxer is also technically "down," even if
he hasn't fallen, if he takes a serious blow or blows to the head and the
referee steps in to stop the action. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Feint:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>Faking a punch to induce the opponent to open up into a
vulnerable position. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Footwork:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>The way a boxer moves and plants his feet which enables
him to be well-balanced for throwing punches and ready to switch easily
between defensive and offensive boxing. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Foul:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>An infringement of boxing rules, including: hitting
below the belt; hitting with any part of the body other than the
knuckles; leaning against the ropes; head-butting; not breaking on the
referee's command; hitting the back of the opponent's neck, head, or
torso; hitting an opponent who is down; throwing a punch while in a
clinch; holding; holding and hitting; offensive language; assaulting or
acting aggressively toward the referee; spitting out the mouthpiece;
passive defence (not trying to avoid a punch by covering up); tripping;
kicking. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Headgear:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>Protective head covering used by amateur boxers that
became mandatory for Olympic competition in 1984. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Hook:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A short power punch in which the boxer swings from the
shoulder with his elbow bent, bringing his fist from the side toward the
centre. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">In-fighting:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>Boxing at close range </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Jab:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A quick, straight punch thrown with the lead hand. It
can be used as a set-up for power punches, as a way to gauge distance, to
keep an opponent wary, or as a defensive move to slow an advancing
opponent. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Judge:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>One of five officials who sit at ringside to score a
bout. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Mouthpiece:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A piece of plastic used to protect a fighter's teeth
and prevent him from biting his tongue. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Neutral Corner:
</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>One of two corners that are not assigned to either
boxer. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Referee:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>The official who ensures the bout is clean and fair,
and to make sure the boxers are physically able to box after taking a
punch. The referee can end the bout if one boxer is hurt or over-matched.
</td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Ringside Physician:
</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>The doctor who checks the condition of competitors
before the bout and determines whether a hurt boxer can continue. The
physician has the power to stop a bout at any time. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">RSC (Referee Stops
Contest):</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>An official result that follows when a boxer is
outclassed, has been hurt, or reached the standing-eight count limit. In
the official results the winner's name is given followed by RSC and the
round the bout was ended in, ie. Jim Smith, RSC (4). </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">RSCH (Referee Stops Contest
Head):</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A variation on RSC, which is the result when a referee
ends a bout because a boxer has taken too many head blows. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Scoring blow: </font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A punch that lands cleanly on the opponent's head or
torso and is struck with the knuckles, signified by the white stripe on
the glove. If three judges agree within a one-second window that the blow
was clean, the boxer gets a point. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Second:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A person aside from the coach who gives a boxer
assistance or advice between rounds. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Standing-eight
Count:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>When a boxer is in trouble, or has been knocked down
the referee stops the action and counts to eight. During this time the
referee determines if the boxer can continue. If a boxer takes three
standing-eights in a round or four in a bout, the contest is stopped and
the opponent is declared the winner. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Uppercut:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A powerful, upward punch that comes up underneath an
opponent's guard. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Warning:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>Given by the referee to the boxer who commits a serious
foul, or receives three cautions. When the referee signals a warning the
ringside judges can decide whether to give a point to the opponent. Three
warnings in a bout means disqualification. </td></tr>
<tr><td width=312><font color="#FFFFFF">Weaving:</font></td></tr>
<tr><td width=312>A way of eluding punches by turning and twisting
movements.<td width=15></td></tr>
</table>
<br>
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